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Integral Thinking & True Materiality – Part 7/7: What Others Say About The New Impetus

This 7-part series has been first published on Sustainable Brands between late January and early March 2016 as a 6-part series and a follow-up by Bill Baue, co-founder of Convetit and the Sustainability Context Group. It captures the essence of my thinking I was able to gather through the extraordinary work of the Reporting 3.0 Platform, GISR and the ThriveAbility Foundation in 2015. What came out is a structure that I called a ‘new impetus embracing purpose, success and scalability for thriving organizations’. I am reposting the original 6 parts here and add a part #7 with reflections of others. This is part 7/7.

Time to let others speak! I am grateful to Allen White, Georg Kell, KoAnn Vikoren Skrzyniarz, Bill Baue and Robin Lincoln Wood for their appraisals of ‘Integral Thinking & True Materiality’. I guess the impetus stands the test of some of the top thinkers and past and existing leaders in sustainability. Time to test it further, pilot it and share the learning experience with others, through the various angles to do so: Reporting 3.0, GISR and the ThriveAbility Foundation.

Allen White (Co-Founder of GRI and Founder of GISR) 

Progress toward a thriving future requires a new lens for viewing corporate purpose, strategy and practice.  Ralph Thurm’s Integral Thinking & True Materiality framework provides such a lens, enabling business leaders to better understand the broader socio-ecological milieu in which they operate and to which they ultimately are accountable.  This kind of holistic thinking is a prerequisite to transforming organizations at the depth and speed a troubled world demands.  Indeed, anything less imperils the prospects for building a just and resilient global future.

Georg Kell (Vice Chairman of the Board, Arabesque Partners; former Executive Director of the UN Global Compact)

Ralph Thurm has always been on the forefront of sustainability, from his time at Siemens to joining GRI and later Deloitte. He now continues as A|HEAD|ahead, working on necessary structural enhancements in sustainability through the various affiliations of his work, eager to explore the next level of finding suitable criteria for clarified purpose, better understanding of success and ways to scale up what’s needed to overcome sustainability incrementalism. This reader is condensing some of his thinking into a new impetus, and it contrasts current thinking that often still tends to be a bit cautious and risk-averse into a wonderful tour de force that opens the mind and connects what belongs together. Enabling fresh thinking, Integral Thinking & True Materiality is at the same time inspiring and without doubt a precious resource for anybody who wants to build lasting and thriving organisations. Following this lead we may rethink if we have done enough to invigorate trust, innovation and scalability, the outcomes of the new impetus Ralph describes.

Dr. Robin Lincoln Wood (Founder, ThriveAbility Foundation)

How can the SDG’s be integrated into corporate reporting so as to move beyond a set of silo’ed goals for ‘zero negative impact’, to stimulate innovation, excitement and the breakthroughs we need to create a safe, just operating space in which humanity can thrive? Some of the answers to this question will be found, like clues in a detective novel, in Ralph Thurm’s short compendium of articles on Integral Thinking & True Materiality.

The first clue is to be found in the leading Diagram 1 in the compendium – „Trust“. In a world where trust in our institutions and the ‚system’ is at an all time low, who can you trust? The power of great brands, like good leaders, is that they inspire trust in their promises, and by delivering reliably on those promises, that trust grows. Many organizations are now learning just how critical and valuable trust is, especially those who have lost the trust of their key stakeholders at considerable financial cost.

Clue no 2 is that „Resilience“ and „Innovation“ are pre-conditions for products and services to deliver in the longer term on an organization’s promises. The big question is: How can we ensure that an organization is trustworthy, resilient and innovative? For that we need to go inside the triangle in Diagram 1 to find four enablers: integral thinking, success, purpose and scalability:

  • Integral thinking requires leaders to incorporate both negative and positive externalities into their business reporting within the context of planetary boundaries and social floors, to be genuinely sustainable. This results in „True Materiality“.
  • Success in the 21st century will not be measured purely in financial terms.Through the integration of the seven capitals, we can arrive at the True Future Value of any decision or investment, thereby providing a trustworthy indicator of where an organization should focus its efforts.
  • Purpose is needed to align organizational stakeholders toward a North Star that enables the web of stakeholders and their business ecosystems to realise their True Future Value creating potential as an interconnected system of mutually satisfying promises delivered and commitments met.
  • Scalability enables the fruits of True Future Value generating innovations to „cross the chasm“ from the early adopters to the mainstream markets to go truly global, resulting in world enhancing outcomes.

Reporting standards and the sustainable development goals have the power to shape the governance frameworks which determine how value is perceived and created in our economy. Business leaders, investors and consumers need to trust that their decisions are contrubuting to True Future Value, not just doing less or no harm. By being able to measure what „Doing well by doing good“ really means for all stakeholders in an organization, the ThriveAbility Governance Framework and Index offers us the opportunity to move rapidly to a regenerative inclusive economy- a world where promises are delivered in ways that rebuild our trust in ourselves, each other and the possibility of a thriving future.

KoAnn Vikoren Skrzyniarz (Founder/CEO Sustainable Life Media, producers of Sustainable Brands)

In 2006, Sustainable Brands launched out of a belief that the pathway to a flourishing future depends on our ability to successfully shift our businesses and the global economy beyond those models that enabled success during the industrial age and toward something new, and more evolved. We recognized that while the industrial age delivered significant improvements in prosperity around the globe through the design of business systems focused on driving efficiency from mechanistic models of operating and the development of silos of expertise, it also produced a raft of unintended consequences brought about largely by the loss of our up till then natural aptitude for being conscious and sensitive to the interconnectedness of things.

Today, we find ourselves faced with a compound set of crisis resulting from the unchecked exuberance of our construction of a consumer economy. Our highly efficient, take, make, waste based economic engine has left us with dangerously depleted natural resources, concerning levels of toxic waste, rising temperatures and sea levels, and a rampant decline in biodiversity — all of which have has put our very survival at risk. Perhaps even more insidious is the way we’ve slowly redefined the role of humanity, away from that of citizens tasked with being stewards of our common well-being, and toward being simply a cog in the economic machine, tasked only with buying and consuming more in order to feed what some would define as a somewhat cancerous economy which seems now to have become dependent on over consumption beyond the needs of health and happiness.

Now is the time to turn our ship back toward healthier modes of commerce and consumption based on a ressurgence and deepening of our ability to see and think in systems.  We have complex challenges to face, partly of our own creation.  At Sustainable Brands, however, four key beliefs, supported by mounting research and evidence, encourage us and give us hope for the future:

  1. We believe and see growing evidence that humans are actually wired for good, and that we generally desire to learn, solve problems and to leave the world a better place than we found it.
  2. We believe that business as an institution is uniquely equipped to innovate and create new forms of value in the world.  Once we recognize a problem, and can connect solutions to the potential for economic return, we are well equipped to act.
  3. We believe brands — which are essentially the promises made by business to their stakeholders about what they aim to deliver, are uniquely equipped to help shift our global aspirations back toward health.  We have it in our capacity to help nurture a shift back toward our now latent, but yearning to be reengaged higher selves, offering more systems conscious models that acknowledge our growing awareness of the interconnectedness of things.  And maybe most importantly,
  4. The available knowledge and growing set of models and tools to help us get where we need to go are exploding all around us.

Ralph’s booklet Integral Thinking & True Materiality – A New Impetus Embracing Purpose, Success and Scalability, published as an e-book together with Sustainable Brands is a perfect example of the 4 bullet points mentioned above. It asks for new focus on purpose, connecting to the truly material problems to which we all can make contributions to; on success, in which the pathway to a multi-capital success measurement as a litmus test for delivering the truly material issues becomes blatantly clear; and on scalability, in which education, collaboration and advocation are so essential. Sustainable Brands embraces these ideas through the events it organizes and the services it offers. Ralph’s work helps us to level up our approach to business, and deliver against a new desire to fully account for all externalities impacted by our business activities, and ultimately to deliver net positive good to the world. The work of Reporting 3.0, GISR and the ThriveAbility Foundation, the parts of Ralph’s portfolio to deliver on the new impetus, are also presented and showcased in Sustainable Brands conferences.

Sustainable Brands is a global community of the willing — influential leaders in and around business who are committed to breaking through to new models that can enable a thrivable, flourishing future. We are happy to call this team of integral thinkers part of our community and to support bringing visibility to their ideas as together we search for the best possible solutions for transforming our world for sustainability.

Bill Baue (Editor, Co-Founder Convetit & Sustainability Context Group)

It has been my pleasure to edit this tour-de-force 6-part series by my colleague Ralph Thurm in which he lays out his vision for how integral thinking and true materiality can catalyze a regenerative and inclusive economy, leveraging the work of the ThriveAbility Foundation, the Reporting 3.0 Platform, and the Global Initiative for Sustainability Ratings (GISR).

In editing this series, I recognized the genius of Ralph’s triangulated conception centered on true materiality and integral thinking, as it resolves the primary outside-in and inside-out dilemmas in current corporate architecture.

True Materiality reconciles what GISR Founder Allen White calls “the artificial distinctions between internal and external materiality.” Internal materiality prioritizes that which impacts of the organization and its ability to generate value – primarily for providers (and extractors) of financial capital. External materiality prioritizes that which impacts the organization and its stakeholders, including their mutual ability to maintain wellbeing through ongoing access to vital capitals shared in the commons.

Ralph’s notion of true materiality bridges this divide, integrating both the issues that determine the future value of companies expressed in financial capital (with consideration of the multiple capitals), and the issues that determine the true value of companies by assessing positive and negative impacts on the common capitals that are vital to stakeholder wellbeing in terms of ongoing viability of these capitals within the thresholds of their carrying capacities. True materiality dismantles White’s “artificial distinctions” and thereby serves as the linchpin for assessing what the ThriveAbility Foundation calls True Future Value.

Integral thinking takes up where integrated thinking leaves off – in particular, addressing the inside-out dynamic. The primary object of integrated thinking, as conceived and articulated by the IIRC, is the external structures in need of integration – primarily, the multiple capitals. While Ralph’s notion of integral thinking certainly includes this need to integrate the capitals, it also transcends this limited focus on external realities by integrating internal dynamics as well.

Most importantly, integral thinking calls for mindset shifts, and equips us with the tools to map the center of gravity of our mindsets in terms of psychological and cultural stages of development. This additional depth transforms the more mechanistic approach of integrated thinking into a more holistic approach that accounts for both internal and external perspectives, both individual and collective perceptions.

In approaching this 6-part series, I find it quite remarkable that Ralph manages to address such a broad swath – both the shortcomings and the solutions – before us. This series challenges us to acknowledge the existential crises we face, as a corporate community and as a society, and to rise to the occasion by tapping into our human genius and resilience through inspiration and aspiration toward true thriving.


 
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Posted by on May 11, 2016 in Thriveability

 

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Integral Thinking & True Materiality – Part 4/7: Success Definition For True Future Value Creation

This 7-part series has been first published on Sustainable Brands between late January and early March 2016 as a 6-part series and a follow-up by Bill Baue, co-founder of Convetit and the Sustainability Context Group. It captures the essence of my thinking I was able to gather through the extraordinary work of the Reporting 3.0 Platform, GISR and the ThriveAbility Foundation in 2015. What came out is a structure that I called a ‘new impetus embracing purpose, success and scalability for thriving organizations’. I am reposting the original 6 parts here and add a part #7 with reflections of others. This is part 4/7.

In this part of the series, we will focus on another very important aspect for the new reporting impetus that can serve the needs of a green & inclusive or regenerative economy – the question of how we define success. We are at this moment not able to truly claim when an organization is ‚sustainable’ (as laid out in stage 3 of the strategy continuum Diagram 4 in Part 3 of this series), and that just being ‚minimally good enough’ to indeed sustain the organization – and the real-world systems it operates within. Most reports aren’t giving a proper ‚world view’ or scenario context to their long-term targets.

Bildschirmfoto 2016-03-08 um 10.37.58

Diagram 5: Integral thinking and true materiality need a renewed focus on the definition of success to create True Future Value for the economy we want to live in.

Progress in defining ‚micro-macro’ links

Discussions in recent years show progress on defining ‚micro-macro’ links between companies’ impacts and the health of the broader systems they operate within. The elaborations about context-based reporting, science-based target setting, together with Kate Raworth’s Doughnut that defines environmental ceilings and social floors, has added vision and revealed depth as to the ‚devil in the details’ of measuring them in relation to the corporate context, and splitting them up into local, regional or global ‚allowances’, raising the profile of around thresholds and allocations.

Also, the link to the economic system thinking around the usefulness of GDP as the leading success factor has been called into question through the discussion around ‚Beyond GDP’, the Global Footprint Network, and the enhanced (yet mostly unconnected) indicator systems around National Sustainable Development Strategies of regions (like the EU). We see combinations of indices – e.g. country Ecological Footprints versus the Human Development Index – revealing the corridor in which countries should end up being sustainable. The problem here is that the ‚micro-macro’ link is not expressed at the corporate level, so companies take note of these data, but don’t know how to apply them in their specific case. The bigger and the more diversified a company is (crossing national borders), the more difficult it becomes.

The SDGs are an interim step to help fill that ‚micro-macro’ gap by dividing the global challenges into silo’ed aspects of problem articulation. There is merit to see the SDGs as a valuable attempt to induce companies to consider their contribution to a threshold through science-based goal-setting and context-based reporting. The problem is that, while the SDG areas are interconnected, the performance indicators aren’t. We already see companies start to think about picking and choosing some of the SDGs closest to them and define contributions they could make, without taking the step of developing a worldview (see Part 3 on purpose) that articulates responsibility for helping achieve the SDGs. We should not think that the SDGs will get us to any economic system transformation through voluntary contributions by the world’s millions and millions of companies. But without this transformation, there won’t be regeneration, let alone sustainability.

A stable solution for the next couple of hundred years?

We are in an experimentation phase, I fully admit, but I also claim that now is the time to not only set conventions for delivery indicators for the SDGs by 2030, but something that we can use for the next couple of hundred years, and that gets me to … accounting systems. Jane Gleeson-White already proclaimed the ‚third accounting revolution’ in her bestselling book Six Capitals, or can Accountants save the Planet?, cutting through double entry bookkeeping that was invented in the 15th century for the throughput economy, towards multi-capital bookkeeping. We now need an accounting system that prepares us for the green & inclusive economy.

The litmus test question of success that needs to be answered, both for each and every single SDG, and also as the basis to define what we will define below as ‘true future value’ simply is: does an organization have a license to grow by showing that it hasn’t built financial capital on the back of any other capital – or, quite the opposite, that it has built business models that regenerate all capitals? If yes, this would be sustainable, and possibly gross positive (ThriveAble) over time (stage 5 in the Strategy Continuum in Diagram 4 in Part 3).

In order to get there, though, we will need to renew our accounting system from double-entry to multi-capital-based. Why?

  • Simply because accounting is how economies and executives, boards and supervisory boards tick and answer questions: is my company successful? Where can I be more efficient? Do I deliver on my purpose? On my targets? On my benchmarks? Did my incentives work? What information does controlling need from accounting? What can I externally assure? Interesting how shy our community is to create this missing reporting link – also for the SDGs. We sorely need accountants to raise their voices on the need for multi-capital accounting!
  • A multi-capital accounting system aims to cover all sets of potential performance calculations: on SDGs, for context-based reporting, for science-based targeting, for value cycle efficiency. An outcome capital of the supplier can be an input capital for the next phase of such cycle, so it can serve as ‘docking station’ in a seamless review of value cycles – if all partners agree on the necessary convention on how to account and disclose in what the recently published UNEP Raising the Bar report calls “Collaborative Reporting”.
  • The structure of multi-capital accounting gives space to the necessary formulation of conventions (that’s what an accounting system mainly is, it’s not a 100% accurate discipline) and structuring of the discussions we need to have: what can be monetized? Is it necessary to monetize everything? How to link to local/regional/global thresholds? E.g., water has a different, more local or regional threshold basis than carbon emissions. How to implement threshold based and capital-absorbing indicators into corporate dashboards, into national statistics, into a ‘global pulse’ of how we are doing altogether.
  • Finally, the painful and often repeated mistake is that we think we can create indicators without proper data architecture in mind, where aggregation and disaggregation are possible and where slicing and dicing of information for multiple aspects is possible. A multi-capital based systematic approach can support that, like activity-based costing does in controlling for a long time.

Multi-capital accounting to create ‘True Future Value’

Multi-capital accounting shifts from measuring value to measuring ‘True Future Value’. The ThriveAbility Foundation adds a forward-looking focus on true future value, assessing not only the ongoing viability of the organization and the systems it operates in (science-based thresholds), but also its potential for breakthrough innovation to reduce (and ultimately eliminate) negative environmental footprints while maximizing and optimizing social handprint value creation. It uses 7 capitals, adding relational capital as a separate capital to the group of 6 capitals as proposed by the IIRC.

Bildschirmfoto 2016-03-11 um 09.22.40Diagram 6: High-level formula for deriving at ‘True Future Value’; a more detailed version with all variables can be sent by the author on request.

Here are some of the advantages of using a multi-capital basis to create ‘true future value’ (TFV) results:

  • CONTEXT SENSITIVITY – TFV is a context-sensitive methodology, which works on the basis of progressive approximation to arrive at a best-estimate based decision. The context of the decision/s being made is the very first factor taken into account when applying the equation;
  • TRUE BENEFIT/COST – TFV is a holistic equation that measures the ratio of the value created in any human activity through synergies between human, relational, social and knowledge capitals (or “anthrocapitals” that generate thriving and benefits), relative to the natural and manufactured capitals costs associated with that value creation activity;
  • THREE CORE VARIABLES – TFV includes three key terms – on the denominator we have Science Based Thresholds (social floors and environmental ceilings) divided by a Sustainable Innovation Factor (including, for example, circular economy/C2C, green chemistry, renewable energy, biomimicry and micro-biome based innovations); and on the numerator we have the Value Creation Capacity of the anthrocapitals that generate thriving;
  • ALL EXTERNALITIES INCLUDED – TFV includes both positive and negative externalities in terms of metrics that measure both impacts and value/thriving, in such a way that context based sustainability thresholds are honored;
  • THRIVEABLE DECISION BENCHMARKS – TFV provides a benchmark for decisions of all kinds through which a “thriveable” decision can be made, taking into account a full seven-capital, multi-stakeholder analysis of the true costs and true benefits of a particular investment, program or action.

True Future Value as the Basis for a ThriveAbility Index

Going a step further, the ThriveAbility Foundation has designed the ThriveAbility Index model in which the components of the TFV are embedded (see Diagram 7).

This model picks up on the idea of the three gap model in Part 2 of this series, and measures the gap closure in all three dimensions, and by that explaining where an organization stands in the continuum from surviving to thriving. It represents a different way to assess and report on the overall fitness of an organization. This is a completely new quality in helping to define the profile and positioning of an organization in a three-dimensional fitness space and probably represents the most holistic performance measurement. The argument that ‘sustainability’ or ‘thriveability’ can’t be summarized in one indicator, something the sustainability community has always declared impossible (and by that has kept the interest of multiple financial market players on a low simmer), can be overcome. This high level fitness indicator, to be developed for 10 cluster industries through the ThriveAbility Foundation by 2017 to 2019 (with the aim the have it ready to use in 2020), can be disaggregated into its three components, used for True Future Value Creation of any contextual area of interest (such as the SDGs) and offers high potential for a new quality of corporate, city, country or global performance dashboards. It can be used by Rating Organizations to produce a new generation of sustainability or ThriveAbility fitness ratings. It can be used by regions (e.g. counties) or national statistics offices as a meta- performance structure.

Bildschirmfoto 2016-03-08 um 10.39.04

Diagram 7: Three axis model of the ThriveAbility Index model that corresponds with the three gap model assessing progress in all the gap areas (Source: A Leader’s Guide to ThriveAbility, page 38).

Will we get there?

We may need new and different networks to build what’s needed. I fear the existing standard setters alone won’t cut it, the UN system alone won’t succeed, the governments alone won’t deliver, the accounting standard setters need support, IT companies needs an architecture meta-structure to work in consortiums and open source (liberated data), and the majority of corporations in the mainstream will anyway only respond to legal requirements or ‘cookbooks’ that give them a step-by-step delivery template.

Reporting 3.0, mentioned in Part 1, a networked community of several hundred interested individuals has recently proposed a set of blueprints to recommend the necessary ‘glue’ between those defining a green & inclusive economy and those in reporting, accounting, IT and new business models.

The ThriveAbility Foundation offers masterclasses, pilot projects and a multi-year business plan to deliver on TFV and the ThriveAbility Index and invites partners into the Index development.

GISR offers principles and an accreditation scheme to align with the principles, many of them in support to ingredients mentioned here for reporting and accounting. The Labs, one of the components of their CORE program, offer space for joint creation of the basics for thriveable ratings.

 What to do in the short term?

 So, let’s again imagine a sustainability and/or integrated report that showcases a reporting organization’s contribution through a success measurement involving a multi-capital accounting approach (e.g. as showcased by The Crown Estate, UK, in their integrated reports on Total Contribution). What would a reader expect to see answered? Here are examples of what I would find substantial in that area, taking into account that it still takes time to report back in a complete and structured manner as described above.

Measurement:

  • To what degree does the company inventory shows its impacts from the different levels of its value cycles (instead of value chain, reflecting the need for a circular economy)?
  • Is the internalization of external effects seen as part of a ‘True-Value-Screening’ an option to better understand the value-creation process?
  • Does one differentiate between various capitals and are these integrated in the success measurement? Does the company therefore know its value-creation potentials and weaknesses better? Does the company address the consequences from these outcomes?
  • Does the company identify one or more SDGs to align measurement methodology that looks at context-based or science-based thresholds, and does it aim to develop multi-capital assessments about their contributions to these SDGs?
  • Does the company also collect data about the organizational transformation capacity and leadership capacity, taking into account the 3-dimensionality of achieving ThriveAbility, responding to the 3-gap-problem?

 Target setting:

  • Are there defined target corridors for the sustainable use of different capitals?
  • Are ‘science-based-goals’ assessed and context used for connecting to ‘social floors’ und ‘environmental ceilings’ when targets are defined?
  • How are long-term targets defined and then used to backcast mid- and short-term targets?
  • How are data of organizational transformation and leadership capacity used in defining targets also for these categories?
  • How are potential scenarios linked to target-setting?

Incentives:

  • How does the company incentivize sustainable performance? How does it punish unsustainable performance? Is this based on the measurements as mentioned above?
  • How does the company trigger and incentivize better leadership and transformational capabilities?

The combination of multi-capital approaches in internal accounting and controlling as well as external reporting, combined with experimenting their interconnections through True Future Value Calculations, and adding transformational and leadership capacity factors into measurement, target-setting as well as incentive structures, could help tremendously to report on the future readiness of an organization’s business model(s).

 

 
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Posted by on March 11, 2016 in Thriveability

 

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